It is believed that the Sumerian culture invented:
360 degree circle
60 minute hour
Wheeled transportation (the potters wheel turned on its side)
Cooperation needed to build, repair and allocate water systems
Bronze plow pulled by oxen
Water wheel (like the Egyptians)
The arch (later used and accredited to the Romans)
Many military innovations: soldiers on horseback, war chariot,
composite bow, body armor and new designs for weapons.
Hittites were the first to use iron weapons.
The Assyrians developed siege tactics and equipment, engines and
towers (later adopted by the Romans)
A system of rules to keep order and the authority to protect people; law
The need to keep records of laws, trade, and financial accounts
Excellent astronomy: star catalogues and accurate observations of
planetary motion, predictions of astronomical events, lunar and solar
Great achievements in mathematics, developed algebra, the foundation
for the Greek expansion of geometry.
The beginning of history, a written story.
A system of writing developed called cuneiform; wedge-shaped forms
which later developed into arithmetic and language.