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Unit 3 Human Biology and Health
Chapter 14 Bones, Muscles, and Skin

                   

Last Updated     10/12/2009     9/20/2009     9/21/2009     9/19/2009     8/17/2009     11/26/2008      11/11/2008      10/1/2007      9/23/2006      9/3/2006      8/31/2006     8/13/2006      6/7/2006      5/29/2006     12/27/2005      11/20/2005      9/16/2005      9/3/2005     8/13/2005      3/7/2005     1/24/2005     12/29/2004     12/19/2004     11/17/2004    

Created  11/13/2004

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Previous: Animal Behavior         Next Food and Digestion

Teacher Resources     Student Extra Credit

 

14-1 Body Organization and Homeostasis
Cells
Tissues
Organs and Organ Systems
Homeostasis

14-3 The Muscular System
Types of Muscle
Muscles at Work

14-2 The Skeletal System
What the Skeletal System Does
Joints of the Skeleton
Bones- Strong and Living
Taking Care of Your Bones

14-4 The Skin
The Body's Tough Covering
The Epidermis
The Dermis
Caring for Your Skin

 

 

Day 1
Topic 14-1 Body Organization and Homeostasis
Objectives/ I can ...
Describe organs and organ systems.
Describe the four main kinds of tissues.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Organ:
group of tissues that work together to do a special job
Organ System: group of organs that work together
Glands: organ or group of cells that produces and secretes substances used by the body
Endocrine System: organ system that includes all of the glands of the body
Tissue: group of cells that look alike and work together
Epithelial Tissue:
tissue that covers and protects parts of the body
Connective Tissue:
tissue that holds parts of the body together
Ligament:
type of tissue that connects bones
Tendon:
type of tissue that connects muscles to bones

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board

Levels of Organization

 Cells--Tissues--Organ--Organ Systems
 Cells have different sizes and shapes. ex: cardiac (heart) cell
Tissue: Cells that look and work alike form tissue. ex: cardiac tissue
Organs: Groups of tissues that do special jobs ex: heart
 Systems: Group of organs that work together ex: circulatory

Homeostatsis  4:42  Temperature Regulation

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Human Anatomy OnLine

Levels of Organization  2:13

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 468-473

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 33-36   # 1-20

TEC
Resources
Pencil.gif (434 bytes)
Four Tissues of the Human Body  Page 9

 

Day 2
Topic 14-2 The Skeletal System, Joints, and Bones
Objectives/ I can ...
Describe the functions of the skeletal system and its parts.
Identify the motions and locations of the four kinds of movable joints.
Describe the characteristics of  bone.
Describe how to keep bones strong and healthy.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Skeletal System:
system of bones and cartilage that helps to support and protect the vody
Vertebra: bone that makes up the backbone
Cartilage: tough, flexible connective tissue
Joint: place where two or more bones meet
Ligament: tissue that connects bone to bone
Periosteum: thin membrane that covers a bone
Compact Bone: hardest part of bones
Spongy Bone: part of a bone with many small pores or spaces
Fracture: crack or break in a bone
Bone Marrow: where new blood cells are made

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Movable Joints

Ball and Socket All directions; Upper arm and shoulder
Gliding Some all directions; wrist
Hinge Forward and backward; elbows and knees
Pivotal side to side and up and down; skull and neck

Skeletal System  2:16 
The Skeletal System: The Hunan Body  1:40
Human Bones  1:26

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 474-481

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Science Explorer pages 41-44  # 1-22

TEC
filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Joints     
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Notes
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Skeletal System Notes
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Skeletal System Questions
star.gif (2279 bytes) Edible Skeleton

 

Day 3
Topic 14-2 Skeletal System
Objectives/ I can ...
Students will be come familiar with the bones of the human body.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Stanley the Skeleton  6:52

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Disarticulated Skeleton  3 pages 
1. Skeleton Puzzle
2. Skeleton model
3. Skeleton labeled

star.gif (2279 bytes)Comparing a Human and Avian Skeleton

TEC
Resources
filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Skeletal System     Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Notes

 

Day 4
Topic 14-3 Types of Muscles
Objectives/ I can ...
Name the three kinds of muscles.
Identify where the muscles of the body are located.
Describe how muscles work.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Striated Muscle:
muscle tissue with stripes or dark bands
Skeletal Muscle:
muscle attached to skeleton making movement possible
Smooth Muscle:
muscle that causes movements that you cannot control
Cardiac Muscle:
type of muscle found only in the heart and major blood vessels
Extensor: muscle that straightens a joint
Flexor:
muscle that bends a joint
Tendons:
tissue that connects muscle to bone

The Muscular System  6:56

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 482-486

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Science Explorer pages 49-50  # 1-10

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Which Muscles? 
Muscle diagram, Identify muscles used during Olympic Events

TEC
Resources
filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Muscles     Notes

 

Day 5
Topic 14-4 Skin
Objectives/ I can ...
Describe the functions and the structure of skin.
Identify habits that can help keep skin healthy.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Epidermis: outer layer of the skin
Melanin:
pigment that gives skin its color
Dermis:
inner layer of the skin
Pore:
openings in the skin
Follicle:
where strands of hair grow
Cancer:
disease where cells divide uncontrollably

  Science 1  7:14
  Skin 2  7:24 
  Skin 3  8:00

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 488-493

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 57-58   # 1-14

TEC
Resources
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Notes


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Teacher Resources

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    Magnify0b.gif - 341 BytesLab      BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes)_TestsIconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips      Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit     filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT

BONES
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Classifying Bones Coloring Sheet  Long, Flat, Short, and Irregular Bones
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Bone Name Activity Sheet   Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Bone Name Scavenger Hunt
Note02.gif (247 bytes)Bone Name Cards  Entymology of Bone Names
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Which Animal Is This?
JOINTS
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Bones As Levers  11 pages
MUSCLES
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Which Muscles?  Muscle diagram, Identify muscles used during Olympic Events
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Flexibility Stretching exercises
ORGAN SYSTEMS
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Case of the Physical Fitness Challenge Activity Survey, Heart Rate, Muscle Strength and Endurance,  Skeletal Muscles, Make a Joint, Arm Model
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Growth and Development  Bear Skeleton diagram, Human Skeleton Diagrams, Chart, Disarticulated Skeleton with labels, Song Dem Bones, Inside a Bone diagram, Joints, Seletal System,  Muscular System, Muscle Worksheets, Physcial Fitness, Personal Record
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)How the Body Works: Skin, Bones, and Muscle 35 pages
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Human Body Quest  Group activity to create a presentation about one of the body's systems.  10 different systems.  Presentation planner could be an individual asignment.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes)  Inside the Human Body: Science Fact File   Investigate the systems of the human body
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Levels of Organization   In unicellular (single-celled) organisms, the single cell performs all life functions. It functions independently. However, multicellular (many celled) organisms have various levels of organization within them. Individual cells may perform specific functions (causing a division of labor) and work together for the good of the entire organism. The cells become dependent on one another.  Explore Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems, and Organisms.
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Human Body Systems 31 pages 22 Lesson Unit  Written as lesson plans
 Computer.gif (1114 bytes) All Systems Go   Create a human body with all the systems
SKELETAL SYSTEM
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Human Traces 16 pages, information about bones and skeleton to label
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Name That Bone
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Skeletal Sysytem  7 pages
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Skeletal System & Muscular System Crossword Puzzle
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Skeletal System  Pictures of bones with numbered parts.  Answers given.
TISSUE
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Skin Diagram  Cut out labels and glue to diagram



Student Extra Credit

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

 star.gif (2279 bytes) Bones Internet Article
 star.gif (2279 bytes)Bones Inside Us  Print out the page and visit the web sites
 star.gif (2279 bytes)Comparing a Human and Avian Skeleton
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Edible Skeleton You will use your creativity and your understanding of the structure of the human skeletal to make a model.
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Human Skeleton   Diagram and questions
 
 
 


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