World History

SSVikingandMap.bmp (61526 bytes)

Unit 6 The Early Middle Ages
Chapter 20 The Vikings
900 A.D. - 1035 A.D.


Last Updated     11/16/2009     11/15/2009     11/14/2009     11/13/2008      11/28/2007     11/27/2007      11/2/2007     10/18/2007      9/23/2007     11/25/2005      10/6/2005      10/29/205      10/22/2005      9/25/2005     

Created   9/11/2005
 

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Day 1
Topic    Introduction to Scandinavia
Objective
Identify the countries that make Scandinavia.
Label the countries on a map showing those countries.
State that Scandinavia is a part of the European continent.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Ship Notebook Paper

Viking PPT

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
Vocabulary
Historical Routes
: roads or courses over which people or goods have traveled.

atlas.gif (1202 bytes) Countries in the Nordic Region

Norwegian History: Before the Vikings  5:35

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes)  Over the years, the people called the Vikings were thought as vicious and vile. Their contributions to the world were never emphasized. We will begin to change your perception of the Vikings or Norsemen by recognizing their gifts to modern man. Through their Gods we have names for days of the week, through their shipbuilding skills other countries were discovered, and through their family life women, had a role in the society. The Vikings affected societies then as well as now. Let us honor the Vikings with recognition of their endeavors and feats.
The Viking Kingdom: Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church  2:45  Denmark
The Vikings  6:36  1958 movie trailer

BARBARIANS: VIKINGS
Barbarians: Vikings  1/5  8:44
Barbarians: Vikings  2/5  9:38

Resources 
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Viking Blank Map   Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Route Map 
IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Viking Explorers
IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Viking Map of the World

 

Day 2
Topic    Barbarians
Objective
Plot on a map the route taken by Eric the Read to the continent of North America.
Plot the overland routes explored by the Vikings on a map of Europe.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork/ Homework
BARBARIANS: VIKINGS
Barbarians: Vikings  3/5  9:38
Barbarians: Vikings  4/5  9:49
Barbarians: Vikings  5/5  5:20

atlas.gif (1202 bytes) Atlas of History

 
readme.gif (1442 bytes) Altlas of World History pp. 58-59

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Viking Impact on Europe  33a & 33

 

Resources

 

Day 3
Topic 20-1 The Land   
Objective
Explain how the Vikings earned their living.
N
ame the 3 main types of ships used by the Vikings and state their purpose.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
Vocabulary
Jarls:
military chiefs
Ships and Trade
Towns, Villages, and Jarls

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking House labeled exploded diagram
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Viking Homes

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 1 The Land pp. 299-301
Ships and Trade
Towns, Villages, and Jarls

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Who Were the Vikings 8 pages

Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Time Line   readme.gif (1442 bytes) Viking Fact File

 

Day 4
Topic    Viking Ships
Objective
List the three types of Viking ships.
Identify and label the parts of a Viking Longship.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
Vocabulary 
Bartering:
exchanging one item for another, did not include money

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) Ship Terms
  Use Viking Ships page to label.
Oars
Stern
Bow
Keel
Mast
Prow: front of the boat which was usually a dragons head or some adornment               
Strake: boards overlapping on the side of the longship

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) Viking Boats

Faering Boat used by the Vikings for fishing in fjords.
Knarr Boat used by the Vikings for trading.
Designed for open sea.
Longship Boat used by the Vikings for raiding and ocean voyages.

VIKING SHIPS
Viking Ships  part 1  8:25
Viking Ships  part 2  9:57

Resources
BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Viking Ships 16 Page Unit

 

Day 5
Topic    Viking Ships
Objective
List the three types of Viking ships.
Identify and label the parts of a Viking Longship.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork/ Homework
VIKING SHIPS
Viking Ships  part 3  9:46
Viking Ships  part 4  10:24
 
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Ships Activity Outline
readme.gif (1442 bytes) How Did the Vikings Build Their Ships? Part 1
readme.gif (1442 bytes) Viking Ships Part 2
readme.gif (1442 bytes) Viking Navigation Part 3
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Knarr Ship Investigation Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Knarr
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Longshop Investigation   Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Ship
Resources

 

Day 6
Topic    Viking Trading
Objective
Draw the exploration routes of the early Viking on maps of Europe and North America.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
atlas.gif (1202 bytes) Viking Trade (Invasion) Map

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Traveling Routes

BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Viking Trade Routes Lesson


Viking Trade Activity Outline
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Vikings As Traders   Notes
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Vikings and Trade   
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Trade Good Picture

Regional Exports
Vínland:
timber
Greenland: walrus ivory, furs, skins, wool
Iceland: fish, animal fat, wool cloth and clothing, sulfur, falcons
England: tin, wheat, honey, woolens, silver, barley, linen
Russia: slaves, furs, wax, honey
Byzantium: silks, fruits, spices, wines, gems, silver, jewelry, brocade
Frankish kingdoms: weapons, jewelry, wine, glass, salt, woolen cloth
Shetland Islands: soapstone
Norway: timber, iron, soapstone, whetstones, barley, tar
Sweden: iron, furs
East Baltic regions: amber, slaves, furs

Resources

 

Day 5
Topic  20-2 Daily Life
Objective
Summarize what daily life was like for the Vikings.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) Vocabulary

Berserkers: Viking Warriors
Eddas: written poems about the stories of the gods' great deeds
Sagas: long tales
Runes: letters used to write Viking languages
Saga” is a Norse word meaning tales. These writings provide almost all of the knowledge we have of the Vikings.
There are about forty sagas that include descriptions of historical events in Iceland and voyages across the North Atlantic from Norway, Greenland and Vinland (Newfoundland). The sagas also have records of family history such as Erik the Red who founded Greenland, and his son Leif Erickson who discovered North America.
The Sagas were compiled in the 13th and 14th century, and later based on stories that originated as early as 400 and 500 years before that.
Archaeology is providing that a lot of these stories have a good basis of fact; in fact the Icelandic sagas were used to help find what might be the site of Vinland.

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 2 Daily Life pp. 301-303
The People
Religion

Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Viking Clothing  
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Viking Clothes  labeled diagram of a man and woman
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Viking Woman Clothes
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Viking Clothing Daily Life

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Dress Worksheets    
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Women's Clothing

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Dress Teacher Notes Page 7      
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Men and Women Clothes

Resources

 

Day 6
Topic   Warriors and Weapons
Objective
Identify clothes and weapons of a Viking warrior.
Identify objects in this Viking burial site.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Viking Battle Reinactment  7:00

BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Dressed to Kill: The Viking Warrior   10 pages
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Student pages: Dressed to Kill 
4 worksheets identifying clothes and weapons of a Viking warrior.

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Digging Up One Viking  Identify objects in this Viking burial site

star.gif (2279 bytes) Draw six Viking weapons, such as a shield, sword, spear, battle axe.

Resources

 

Day 7
Topic    Daily Life: Women, Bartering
Objective
Relate why Viking women were important to the home.   
Compare a Viking woman to a modern day woman.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
List of jobs your mom does just at home.

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Viking Women   
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Family Roles page 10
1

Describe the treatment of women in cultures previously studied.

2 Read the pages from Viking books about women.
3

Viking women were treated with respect and love by their husbands.

4

Viking women fought when their husbands were raiding or trading.

5 List jobs of Viking women in the home on the board.
6 Make a list of the same jobs that their moms might have.
These jobs will be written on the board.

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Daily Life in the Viking Period 

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Men and Women

Resources

 

Day 8
Topic   Religion 
Objective
The students will be introduced to Viking gods.                                    
Name the greatest of all the Viking gods
.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork/ Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) Viking Gods
Only put god names in chart. Leave lots of room for characteristics
Odin King of the Gods
Thor son of Odin
Thunder God, carried a magical hammer
Freya Goddess of love and beauty
Frey God of fertility and plenty
Loki (lo-kee) Blood brother to Odin
Loved adventures, mischief, trickery, and disguise
Balder Son of Odin
Gave advice, reconciled enemies
Tyr (tier)

Son of Odin,
God of law and order, guaranteed contracts and agreements

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Viking Gods: Fill in god's characteristics on chart with kids

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Days of the week

1 Why we learn about these particular gods.
Because  certain days of the week are Viking words.
2 Write the words Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday on the board.
3 Explain the origin of Tuesday as it comes form Tyr’s day.
4 Wednesday comes form Woden’s day.
(Woden is Odin’s name in German).
5 Thursday comes form Thor’s day.
6 Friday comes from Freya’s day.
7 Add these to the chart of the characteristics for each god.

crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Viking God Drawing
Draw name of a god to draw.
Using manila drawing paper will then draw their interpretation of the chosen god.
Color.
Include Name of God and artists name in Runic letters.

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Norse Mythology  picture

Resources
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Aegir: Norse God of the Sea Coloring Page

 

Day 9
Topic    Rune Stones and the Viking Alphabet
Objective
Create a "Rune Stone" using the Viking alphabet, called the "futhark".
State the difference between the futhark and the alphabet we use today.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) Vocabulary

Futhark: Viking alphabet
Rune Stone: stones with messages and sagas carved into them

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) Copy 16 letters of Viking Alphabet Page 25 Appendix A

Viking Runes in Stockholm  1:58

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Runes
Norwegian Runes

Swedish Runes
Danish Runes
The Runes of Greenland
Gerrmanic Runes
Anglo-Saxon Runes

Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Write Your Name in Rune

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Choose one of the following activities
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Rune Stones and the Viking Alphabet
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Name and Message
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Rune Stones: Write Your Own Message

Resources
Kensington Rune Stone Story  6:00

 

Day 10
Topic   20-3 Raiders and Adventurers 
Objective
Describe how Viking warriors traded and raided.
Explain what role the Danish Vikings played in the histories of England and France.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
Vocabulary

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) People to Know

IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Viking Journeys AD 700 - 1000

Vikings: Conquers of Northern Europe  7:25

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 3 Raiders and Adventurers pp. 304-308
From East Europe to North America
The Danes

Resources

 

Day 11
Topic    Viking Heroes
Objective
List
the names of the Viking heroes.
State why Viking heroes are still famous.
Label Greenland and Vinland (Newfoundland).                                             
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
Vocabulary
Erik the Red:
was a Viking explorer who was the first European in Greenland
Leif Eriksson:
first European in North America
Vinland:
Newfoundland
Greenland:
named to attract other settlers
Skraelings:
native Americans

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) Why does someone become famous?
List reasons why.

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Viking Explorers
1. Show where Vinland (Newfoundland) and Greenland are.
2. Show how far the Vikings had to sail to get there.
From Norway to Newfoundland is 2500 miles.
It would have taken about 20 days.

3. Discuss the hardships endured by them.
4. Discuss the reasons the Vikings went exploring.
Villages were overcrowded
and had food shortages.
Caused by limited space and mountains on their peninsula.
Acess to the Baltic Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Punishment
.
5. Explain that people still explore today for some of the same reasons.
6. What areas of the world people might explore today.
7. Make a list of these on the board.
8. Label Greenland and Newfoundland on your Scandanavia map.

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) The Vikings  Erik the Red

 BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Leif Eriksson
The First European to Set Foot in North America.  11 pages

Resources

 

Day 12
Topic  Viking Time Line
Objective
Create a time line of Viking history.
Plot the dates on a timeline as they relate to the Viking era.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
VIKINGS
Vikings 01  8:30
Vikings 02  8:33
Vikings 03  8:32

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Viking Time Line

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Timeline  AD 789 - 1085

Resources

 

Day 13
Topic    Viking Numbers
Objective
Identify dates in Viking history.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Vikings By the Numbers
Resources

 

Day 14
Topic    Viking Foldable Book
Objective
Create a Viking resource.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
17.A.2b  Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.
Classwork-Homework
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes)
Viking Foldable Book
Section 1  p. 301 Geographic Features of Viking Homeland
Section 2 p. 303 Compare: Viking Women & US Women
Section 3 p. 308 Key dates in Viking History
Assessment p. 309 Viking Culture Before and After the Arrival of Christianity.
Resources

 

Day
Topic    
Objective
State Goals
Classwork/ Homework
Resources

 

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Tests     IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites     SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips     Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer      bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book      Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    PowerPoint     star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit

ARCHAEOLOGY
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Digging Up One Viking  Identify objects in a Viking grave.
CLOTHING
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Men and Women Clothes
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Warriors: Dressed to Kill  Puzzle and diagram of warrior
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Viking Clothing   Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Worksheets    Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Women's Clothing
COLORING PAGES
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Viking Ship
DYES
Note02.gif (247 bytes)Dyes Teacher Notes Page 8      Note02.gif (247 bytes) Natural Dyes Activity Outline Teacher Notes Page 9
FEUDS
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)  Families and Feuds
GAME
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Viking Travel Game
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) A Viking House
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Viking Quest Travel back in time to the year 793 AD. Can you build a ship, cross the seas, loot a monastery and return home to claim your prize?
LIEF ERICSON
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Leif Ericson Biography Page
RELIGION
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Aegir: Norse God of the Sea Coloring Page
RUNE STONES
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Rune Stones: Write Your Own Message
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Write Your Name in Runes
SHIPS
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Knarr Ship Investigation Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Knarr
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Viking Longshop Investigation   Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viking Ship
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Secrets of Norse Ships
TIME LINE
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Time Line Activity Stone Age, Viking Raids, Anglo-Saxon Settlements, Roman Britain, Norman Invasion
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Time Line: Vikings Teacher Notes Page 11
TRADE
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Vikings and Trade    Note02.gif (247 bytes) Trade Good Picture
VILLAGE
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Explore a Viking Village
WEAPONS
star.gif (2279 bytes) Draw six Viking weapons, such as a shield, sword, spear, battle axe.


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