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Unit 2 Diversity of Living Things
Chapter 7 Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi



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Created  12/3/2002

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Previous: Darwin           Next: Plant Kingdom

Teacher Resources      Student Extra Credit

7-1 Viruses
What is a Virus?
How viruses multiply.
Viruses and disease.

7-3 Protists
What is a Protist?
Animal-Like Protists
Plantlike Protists
Funguslike Protists

7-2 Bacteria
The Bacterial Cell
Obtaining Food and Energy
Reproduction
Role of Bacteria in Nature

7-4 Fungi
What are Fungi?
Reproduction in Fungi
The Role of Fungi in Nature

 

Day 1
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Bug Investigators #2
Day 5
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Protist Biological Drawing
Day 2  
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Mushroom Book
Day 6
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes There Are Algae In Your House
Day 3
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Distinguish Between Bacteria and Viruses
 

 

Day 1
Topic Introduction to Micro-Organisms
Objectives
To understand the size and nature of microrganisms.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Bug Investigators #1 What is a Micro-Organism?

 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Bug Investigators #2 Micro-Organism reference Chart

TEC
Resources
BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Poisoned Picnic  34 page lesson plan. Identify the disease agent responsible for a simulated outbreak of a mysterious disease.

 

Day  2
Topic 7-1 Viruses
Objectives
List the characteristics of viruses.
Describe the structure of a virus.
Explain how active and hidden viruses multiply.
Discuss how viral diseases are treated.
Learn how rapidly Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria reproduce.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Mushroom Book
Make a Mushroom foldable book for notes on Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi.
3 sheets of paper
Draw a Mushroom on front
Round corners of title page into mushroom shape
Cut pages 2-5 in
Write page titles on tabs
 

Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi

 
by


Virus Caused Diseases

Virus Reproduction

Bacteria Shapes &         Diagram                

Helpful Bacteria
& Environments
Protist
Kingdom
Protist Diagrams
Algae & Seaweed Fungi Classification
& Mushroom Diagram

Vocabulary


Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Virus:
tiny, nonliving particle that enters and then reproduces inside a living cells
Capsid:
protein covering of a virus; give viruses their shape
Bacteriophage: virus that infects bacteria
Vaccines: weakened or killed virus use to prevent disease

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board

Virus Caused Diseases
AIDS
measles
flu
chicken pox
small pox
polio
encephalitis
mumps
herpes
cold

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Virus Reproduction

Virus attaches its tail to the outside of a bacteria.
Virus injects hereditary material into the living bacteria cell.
Hereditary material takes control of all the bacteria's activities.
Bacteria begins to produce new bacteriophage.
Bacteria fills up with the new bacteriophage.
Bacteria bursts open.
Process repeats.
You get sick.

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Viruses and Bacteria ppt
Bacteriophage :46
Virus Cycle  1:14
Influenza  2:07

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall pages 210-215

Pencil.gif (434 bytes)
Science Explorer 33-36   WB 87-90         

TEC
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Microbe Multiplication  Magic  Learn how rapidly Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria reproduce.
Pencil.gif - 434 BytesViral Multiplication Science Explorer page 38
Pencil.gif - 434 BytesVirus Replication Worksheet 
Do the calculations needed to complete this data table.
Create a graph of the data.   
Graph Paper      
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Viruses  Great Resource of information
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Viral Diseases Listed Alphabetically

 

Day 3
Topic    7-2 Kingdom Monera
Objectives
Explain the functions of cells in multicellular organisms.
Describe how multicellular organisms are adapted to different environment.
Summarize sexual reproduction.
Model specialization in organisms.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Boar
Flagellum:
whiplike structure on a cell
Endospore:
inactive bacterium surrounded by a thick wall

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Coccus:
spherical shaped bacteria (round)
Spirillum:
spiral-shaped bacterium (spring)
Bacillus:
rod-shaped bacterium (twinkie)

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Bacteria Diagram

 

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Bacteria Environments

thermophiles high temperatures
hyperthermophiles boiling temperatures; (present record is 121C!)
psychrophiles cold; one in the Antarctic grows best at 4C
halophiles salty (like the Dead Sea)
acidophiles low pH; as low as pH 1 and who die at pH 7
alkaliphiles high pH

 readme.gif - 802 Bytes Prentice Hall 217-221  

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Science Explorer pages 43-45 #1-11  WB 91-93
         Go over prefixes diplo-, staphylo-, and strepto-

 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Virus and Bacteria Diagram Old Prentice Hall Teachers Resource

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Distinguish Between Bacteria and Viruses

TEC
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Identifying Bacteria Science Explorer page 47
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Bacteria: Structure
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Archea

 

Day 4
Topic 7-2 Bacteria in Nature
Objectives
Explain how some bacteria are useful and others are harmful.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Bacteriology:
study of bacteria
Decomposition:
breakdown of dead material by simple organisms

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Helpful Bacteria

Food Cheeses, buttermilk, yogurt, sour cream, pickles, soy sauce
Nitrogen fixing help crops grow
Fertilize rice fields
Fuel Break down garbage to produce methane gas.
Methane used for cooking and heating.
Ancient bacteria: oily mixture called petroleum
Environmental
Cleanup
Some treat sewage
Some break down oil, pesticides, and plastics
Health and
Medicine
Bacteria in your intestines.
Antibiotics
Industry Used in tanning leather.
Extract copper and gold from rock


 readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 222-225

Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Science Explorer page 45   #12-16    WB 93
 
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Where Can We Find Bacteria

TEC
Science Explorer  Identifying Bacteria page 47
Resources
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes 
Observing Decomposition   In this investigation, you will explore the process of making compost.
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Helpful Bacteria

 

Day Computer Internet Lab Day
Topic Internet Lab
Objectives
Search for information online about bacteria.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Protist Internet Lab Instead of writing an "ode" you can pick an organism and complete
the Index of an Organism sheet. Use colored pencils in your diagram.
TEC
Resources

 

Day 5
Topic 7-3 Protists
Objectives
Describe the characteristics of animal like protists.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Protozoan:
one-celled animal-like protist
Pseudopod:
fingerlike extension of cytoplasm
Cilia:
tiny, hairlike structures
Contractile Vacuole:
Symbiosis:
relationship between two different organisms
Mutualism:
relationship where each organism benefits

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Protist Characteristics
Single celled
Nucleus

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Protist Kingdom      

Animallike Amoeba, Paramecium
Plantlike Euglena, Diatoms, Dinoflaggellates
Funguslike Slime Molds

Microscopic Life  3:32 
Protists  1:26
Amoeba  3:07
Amoeba Feeds  1:06 
Amoeba in Motion  :30
Paramecium Eating Yeast  1:59
Paramecium Ciliate Division  1:37
Volvox Dances  1:56
Stentor 3:40

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Life In Pond Water ppt

Take Your Pick

 
Choose  readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall pages 227-230   Pencil.gif (434 bytes) RSG pages 50-52 #1-13

                                -or-
Choose Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Protist Biological Drawing   
Draw an amoeba, a paramecium, and a euglena. 
Use the list to help you diagram the parts of the organisms. 
This assignment may be substituted for the above assignment in the Lesson plans.
 

TEC
Resources
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Biodiversity Under a Microscope and Worksheets p.9-13
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes
 Protist Lab  Paramecium, Volvox, Euglena, and Amoeba

 

Day 6
Topic 7-3 Algae and Slime Molds
Objectives
Identify and describe different kinds of algae.
Describe the characteristics of plantlike protists.
Describe the characteristics of funguslike protists.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Chlorophyll: green pigment used by some organisms to make food
Plankton: organisms that float at the water's surface 

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Kinds of Algae
Plankton:
one-celled microscopic organisms that float near the water's surface; Diatoms
Euglena: unicellular algae
Seaweed: multicellular algae

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Seaweed

Brown Live in ocean,
Called seaweed or kelp,
Largest,
Humans eat as food
Food for livestock
Chemical salad dressing
Red Lives in deep ocean,
Grow attached to rocks at
bottom of ocean
Humans eat as food
Added to soil
Carrageenan added to products
Green Lives in fresh water,
Similar to plants
On glass of aquariums
Bottom of bird baths.
rocks in lakes and streams

Algae  8:00
Euglena  :35
Euglena  2:51
Binary Fission Euglena  3:12

readme.gif (1442 bytes)
Prentice Hall pages 231-235

Pencil.gif - 434 BytesScience Explorer pages 52-53 #14-20   WB 96-97
                              
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes There Are Algae In Your House 
Investigate the foods you eat to determine what algae derivatives they contain

TEC
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Science Explorer Water Hazards page 55
Resources
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)
A Survey of Plankton Communities  
        4 page Lab using 3 samples of pond water. 
        Nice reference page.
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Aquatic Life Organisms found in water
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Basic Introduction to Seaweed
star.gif (2279 bytes) Algae   Online article and quiz. Directions for brochure for a simple organism.

 

Day 7
Topic Plankton
Objectives/ I can....
Identify phytoplankton and zooplankton.
Describe body adaptations which characterize each group.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Freshwater Ecosystem  2:41
Pond Life Under a Microscope  9:46
Plankton  2:06
Phytoplankton  3:14  
Marine Zooplankton  6:18
Peek Into Zooplankton Life  6:59
Zooplankton Slideshow  1:32
Copepod Life  3:02
Rotifer  :35

Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Phyto vs. Zooplankton 
TEC
Resources

 

Day 8
Topic 7-4 Fungi
Objectives/ I can
Describe how fungi get energy and materials.
Identify different types of fungi.
Recognize how fungi interact with other organisms.
Conduct an experiment to draw conclusions about how sugar, salt, and sweeteners affect the growth of yeast.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Stalk:
stemlike part of a mushroom
Cap:
umbrella-shaped top of a mushroom
Hyphae:
threadlike structure that makes of the body of molds and mushrooms
Gills:
structures in a mushroom that produce spores
Spore:
reproductive structure in fungi
Fermentation:
process by which a cell releases energy from food without using oxygen

Kingdom Fungi  3:21
Fungi Growth by David Attenborough  1:34
Slime Mold  2:11
Fungi Slideshow  2:29
Bread Mold  :25
Mushroom  1:30
The Good, the Bad, and the Deadly  3:10

readme.gif - 802 Bytes
Prentice Hall 236-237

Pencil.gif (434 bytes)Science Explorer pages 58-60 #1-7    WB 98-99

star.gif (2279 bytes) Fungus Word Search

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Irish Potato Famine  Story in Holt materials.

 

Day 8
Topic 7-4 Reproduction and Role in Nature of Fungi
Objectives
Compare and contrast reproduction of yeasts and molds.
Describe the roles fungi play in nature.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Budding:
a new organism forms from a bud on a parent
Fruiting Bodies:
structure that contains spores
Sporulation:
a new organism forms from spores released from a parent
Lichens: fungus and algae or autotrophic bacteria that live together in a mutalistic relationship

Reproduction in Fungi  2:06
Lichens  4:16

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 238-241

Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Science Explorer pages 59-60 #8-16    WB 99-100

TEC
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Science Explorer page 62 A Really Big Fungus
Resources
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) What's For Lunch?   Science Explorer pages 63-64
 
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Fungi: Habitat, Uses, and Nutrition   Info and yeast experiment.
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes  Observation: Bread Mold Growth   Print out Getting Moldy for students


Previous: Darwin           Next: Plant Kingdom

 

Teacher Resources

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)  Labs        crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Tests    IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips     Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit     filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT      Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)Smart Board     Video

ALGAE
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes There Are Algae In Your House  Investigate the foods you eat to determine what algae derivatives they contain
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Kelp Forest Coloring Page
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes The Algae Gallery  Red, Brown, and Green
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Fitting Algae Into the Food Web
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Seaweed Site
AMOEBA
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Amoeba Coloring & Question Page
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  How Fast does an Ameba Travel?
ARCHAEA
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Introduction to Arachaea  The Domain Archaea wasn't recognized as a major domain of life until quite recently.  Because of this vast difference in genetic makeup, life can be divided into three domains: Eukaryota, Eubacteria, and Archaea.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Kingdom Archaebacteria  These are some of the most ancient living organisms. Many exist in harsh environments in which other organisms can not exist.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Major Groups of Procaryotes Methanogens, Halophiles, Thermophiles
BACTERIA
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Distinguish Between Bacteria and Viruses
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Introduction to Bacteria  OnLine activity.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Where Can We Find Bacteria?  Take bacterial swabs from various places in the school.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Bacteria Diagram
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Organism  Pictures of microbes
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Bacterial Cells  Take a tour of bacteria
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Diving Under Antarctic Ice  Sea Ice Microbial Community
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Introduction to Moneran and Protists   On Line Learning
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Life at High Temperatures  Bacteria in Yellowstone Park
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes What is a Decomposer?
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes What Is a Microbe?  How are we going to solve the case of what a microbe is when they're so small they're invisible to us?
DECOMPOSITION
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Observing Decomposition   In this investigation, you will explore the process of making compost.
EUGLENA
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Euglena Article and coloring page
FUNGUS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Fungi  A step by step fungi project guide.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Breadbox Nightmare  Investigate the conditions needed for fungi to grow.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Can Microbes Tell the Difference?  Measure the carbon dioxide output by yeast.
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Fungi: Habitat, Uses, and Nutrition Good information.  Yeast growth experiment.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes How Does Yeast Make Bread Rise?
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes  Is There a Fungus Among Us?
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes  Spore Print Lab  To identify the parts of a mushroom, to observe the spores released from different types of mushrooms, and to understand the way fungi reproduce.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes There's Fun in Fungi
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Yeast Lab  To determine the best conditions to grow yeast, to view gas production by yeast, to record observations and measurements, and. to create a line graph.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  The Fungi Revived Damaged Earth
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Fun Facts About Fungi   Are you interested in fungi and want to know why they are so different? This is a great starting place.  Fungi is so fascinating!  Fungi both cure and cause disease.  They determine what plants grow in your yard and forests, and keep us from being buried in waste.  Some fungi taste great, but others can kill you!
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Fungus Kingdom   In addition to the beauty of mushrooms, fungi provide a critical part of nature's continuous rebirth: fungi recycle dead organic matter into useful nutrients. Includes pictures of fungi classes and sub-classes.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Molds: Their isolation, cultivation, and identification   An introductory guide to the study of molds by David Malloch, University of Toronto. Includes discussions of mold classification, methods of study, importance to humans, and identification. Picture and text keys are provided for many of the most common types found in soil, indoor environments, outdoor air, food, etc. Individual genera of moulds are described and illustrated.
KELP
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Kelp Ecosystem Monitoring the Aquatic Forest Page 1       Page 2      Page 3     Page 4     Crossword Puzzle
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Kelp in the Cupboard
KINGDOMS & DOMAINS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Kingdoms Worksheet  Kingdoms, Plants, Invertebrates, Vertebrates, and Digestion
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Domains and Kingdom Tree
LICHENS: A Fungus and an alga combined
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Lichen Outline and Vocabulary
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes)Lichenland: Fun With Lichens   Lichens are a successful alliance between a fungus and an alga. Each doing what it does best, and thriving as a result of a natural cooperation. They live as one organism, both inhabiting the same body.  Discover the World of Lichens.  Learn how to Identify these Mysterious Organisms.  Our Web-to-Database Technology will Guide You
LIFE CYCLE
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Life Cycle-Organism Workbook  31 Page Workbook    page 4-5 Pond Water Reference:   Bacteria, Rotifers, Arthropods, Protozoa and Algae     page 7 Mold Under the Microscope refernce for Bread Mold
MICROORGANISMS
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Bug Investigators  Information and resources about micro-organisms.
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Naked to the Eye  Magnification, Growing Microorganisms, and Pond Life
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Pond Water Survey  Investigate samples of pond water to find 5 different organisms. For each organism, identify by common (or scientific) name, provide a sketch, and write a brief description.
Index of Organisms Data collection page
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Pond Life Identification Kit  A simple guide to small and microscopic pond life.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Meet the Microbes  They're super small, some can multiply and mutate in minutes, and they're EVERYWHERE!
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes What Is a Microbe?  How are we going to solve the case of what a microbe is when they're so small they're invisible to us?
PARAMECIUM
Paramecium Color, diagram and questions
PLANKTON
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Creating Plankton  Ask students to invent their own plankton.  They will have to make decisions about its adaptations and life style. They can then make a picture of it and describe how it survives. Create Your Own Plankton Worksheet   Plankton Matching
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Red Tide Activity  Use the Red Tide Diagram
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Case of the Biological Biosphere  Comparison of Viruses and Bacteria, Microbe growth, infectious diseases.
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)   Sort a Plankton Sample  Zooplankton or phytoplankton and What Will I Grow Up to Be
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes A Survey of Plankton Communities  Page 2 is a great resource for identification.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes The Great Plankton Race  Students will construct plankton models from materials of various shapes and densities to simulate adaptations that slow sinking. They will then "race" their models (slowest wins), and calculate sinking rates. They will also fill out and complete a lab sheet.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Diatoms  Diatoms are delicate unicellular organisms that have a yellow-brown chloroplast that enables them to photosynthesize.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Red Tide
PROTISTS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Protist Assignment  The protist assignment is meant to familiarize you with the characteristics and behavior of Amoebas, Paramecium, and Euglenas.
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Pond Life Identification Kit   The table and linked pages are a guide to some common groups of smaller freshwater organisms (microscopic to a few millimeters in size). If not familiar with an organism, see what drawing and features it most closely resembles in the table and then follow the links.  The beginner may also like to explore the virtual pond dip ; click on the creatures in the jar to learn about some of the commoner freshwater organisms.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Protist Lab  Paramecium, Volvox, Euglena, and Amoeba
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Protist Lesson: How Do Single-Celled Organisms make a Living
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Binary Fission  The final stages of protozoan asexual reproduction (a process known as "binary fission").
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Ciliates   Ciliates are single-celled protozoans that can be recognized by their hairlike cilia. They use them to propel themselves as well as for feeding. Some species like the well known 'slipper animalcule' Paramecium , have cilia all over. In other species, like the spirotrichs, the cilia are grouped to form pseudopods (cirri). With these they can actually 'walk' over a surface.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Common Protists   Drawings of ciliates, flagellates, and an amoebas.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Freshwater Protozoa    Protozoa are a very diverse group of organisms that vary widely in size, shape, features and habit. This page gives an overview of some commonly found freshwater protozoa. 
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Glass Protozoa    Protozoa are microscopically small, single-celled organisms, the most broadly known of which are probably amoebae and paramecia.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Protists
SEAWEED
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Basic Introduction to Seaweed
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) The Seaweed Site  This site has a lot of information on all aspects of seaweeds and marine algal biology.
SLIME MOLDS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) The Blob: Slime Molds
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Division Arasiomycota  Cellular Slime Molds.
YEASTS
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Yeast on the Rise  If you look closely at a piece of sandwich bread, you can see a honeycomb texture in it where bubbles formed and burst. Why these differences? Aren’t all breads made of the same basic ingredients? What made those bubbles?

 

 

Student Extra Credit

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Adaptation Match    Write the name and habitat for 4 different animals. Locate pictures and information on their habitats.  Write the name of the animal and record their habitat.  Then list three important physical adaptations for each animal.
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Algae  Online article and quiz. Directions for brochure for a simple organism.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Bacteria Cyber-Hunt  Use the worksheet, click on the links and answer the questions.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Bad Bugs-The Microbe Menace  Today you will tour the Internet to collect information on the world of microorganisms. As you tour this microbe world, collect data to weight the harmful effects vs. the beneficial contributions of bacteria in our lives.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya (Protists and Fungi)  College worksheet!!
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Exotic Protists from Space   You and your friends are astronaut zoologists traveling to worlds in other solar systems searching for new and strange forms of life.  You discover a new creature and you decide to study the strange organism.  Complete the questions and use the answers as characteristics of your imaginary protist from outer space.  Use your science book, reference materials, or any other web sites to research protists.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Fungus Jeopardy  Use Fun Facts About Fungi to answer the questions.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Fungus Word Search
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Harmful and Helpful Bacteria   Some bacteria can cause disease.  A sore throat can sometimes be caused by harmful bacteria.  Most bacteria are harmless and even helpful.  One example of helpful bacteria is the lactobacilli found in yogurt. Make your own yogurt.  Note: Although safe to eat, the authors do not recommend eating the product of this experiment.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Kingdom Fungi
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Kingdom Protista   Use your science book and other reference materials to fill in the blanks about protists.  Then create a double line grass that compares the number of paramecium and amoebas in different temperatures of water.
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Scrapbook of Microbes in the News   We will keep a "scrapbook" during the rest of the school year about microbes that are featured in the news.  You may find information in newspapers, popular magazines such as Discovery, Science News, Newsweek, or Time, or in Science journals such as Science and Nature. You may also find articles on the Web.  For each item, obtain a photocopy or printout and put it in your physical scrapbook. Write a short summary (1-2 paragraphs) summarizing the most important features of the article.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Size and Shape of Bacteria  Gustav Druer, the Brno wine merchant has a problem and Brother Gregory has been asked to help. You are to become his research assistants and help him carry out a research investigation into the properties of microbes.
 star.gif (2279 bytes) The Bacteria behind Ulcers One half to one third of the world's population harbors Helicobacter pylori, "slow" bacteria that infect the stomach and can cause ulcers and cancer there. Download questions by clicking here.
 star.gif - 2279 BytesWhat Are Protists? Explore the Internet to learn about protists.
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Yeasts   Look at all the bubbles in bread. Yeast makes the gas that blows them up.  Men and women have been baking leavened bread for thousands of years. Leavened bread is the kind with bubbles in it. It wasn't until 1876 that Louis Pasteur discovered that the stuff that made bread rise was actually alive. That stuff is yeast - a microscopic plant. Follow the recipe and bake your own bread.  Tell the class how you did it and allow them to sample it.  Don't forget the butter!

 

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