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Unit 1 Cells and Heredity
Chapter 2 Living Things
Section 1 What is Life?


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Created   12/9/2002
  

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Previous: Understanding Technology & Safety
            Next: Classifying Organisms

Teacher Resources         Student Extra Credit



2-1 What is Life?

Characteristics of Living Things
Life Comes From Life
Redi
Pasteur
Needs of Living Things

 

Day 1
It's Alive!! 4:05  Frankenstein
Is It Alive?  3:02
 Lecture.gif (2227 bytes)  Is Sammy Alive?  
Day 3
readme.gif (1442 bytes) Read/Scan Prentice Hall 34-40
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)
Reading Study Guide 2-1 What is Life?
Day 4
LOUIS PASTEUR
Day 5
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Characteristics and Needs of Living Organisms
star.gif (2279 bytes) Science A-Z Challenge
Day 6
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Structural Adaptations
Day 7
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes)  Imaginary Animal Adaptations



Day 1
Topic 2-1 What is Life?
Objectives/ I can...
List the characteristics all living things share.
Explain where living things come from.
Identify what all living things need to survive.
State Goals
12.B.1a  Describe and compare characteristics of living things in relationship to their environment.

Common Core MS-L1-1
Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Biotic:
alive
Abiotic
: not alive

It's Alive!! 4:05  Frankenstein
filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) It's Alive  ppt
Is It Alive?  3:02
Life in the Kelp Forest  2:54
Great Barrier Reef  7:00  
Coral Reefs

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Living or Non-Living    Identify living and non-living things in a Coral Reef Ecosystem.
TEC
Resources
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Living and Non-Living Environments

 

Day 2             
Topic  Alive or Not Alive?
Objectives/ I can...
Can begin to categorize objects as alive or not alive.
Can recognize that movement does not necessarily mean something is alive.
Can list and describe the six characteristics of living things.
Can determine when death occurs.
Can name living and non-living parts of the environment.
Can describe how fish are adapted to their environment.
State Goals
12.B.3a  Identify and classify biotic and abiotic factors in an environment that affect population density, habitat and placement of organisms in an energy pyramid.
Common Core MS-L1-1
Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Organism:
any living thing
Cell: basic unit of structure and function in living things
Characteristic: quality or property that defines or classifies something
Unicellular: one celled
Multicellular
:  many celled

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Characteristics of Organisms

1. Made of one or more cells.
2. Use energy.
3. Have features that help them adapt to their surroundings.
4. React to changes in their surroundings
5. Grow and develop during their lifetimes.
6. Can produce more organisms of their own kind.

 Lecture.gif (2227 bytes)  Is Sammy Alive?  Read story to class and discuss when Sammy died.

TEC
Resources

 

Day 3
Topic Spontaneous Generation
Objectives/ I can...
Define an organism as a living thing.
Identify the sun as the source of energy for most living things.
Infer how energy from the sun passes to a cow.
State Goals
12.C.1a  Identify and compare sources of energy.

Common Core MS-LS1-5
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of an organism.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Spontaneous Generation:
idea that living things come from nonliving things  
Biogenesis: the theory that living things come from other living things
Autotroph: organism that can make its own food
Heterotroph: organism that cannot make its own food
Homeostasis: Process of keeping conditions inside a body constant, no matter the temperature





Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Living Things
 
Nile River floods every year.
Mud becomes rich silt.
Millions of frogs appeared.
People thought "Frogs come from mud."
In the Middle Ages farmers stored grain in wooden buildings.
Buildings had thatched roofs.
Mice got in grain.
People thought "Mice come from grain."
Salamanders hibernate in and under rotting logs.
When wood was brought indoors and put on the fire, the creatures "mysteriously" appeared from the flames.
A salamander exudes a milky substance when frightened.
This makes and its skin very moist.
People thought "Salamanders come from fire. They can with stand any heat and even put out fires."
No refrigerators during the Middle Ages. 
People bought or traded for food everyday.
Butcher shops hung meat outside.
The customer asked for a slice of meat.
The butcher chased the flies away and cut off a piece.
The customer didn't use the meat right away and it rotted.
Maggots appeared on the rotten meat.
People thought "Flies come from rotten meat."


Homeostasis  4:42  Temperature Regulation
Monsters Inside Me - Maggots in Head 2:26

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Read/Scan Prentice Hall 34-40
Characteristics of Living Things
Life Comes From Life
Redi
Pasteur
Needs of Living Things


Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Reading Study Guide 2-1 What is Life?
                         

TEC
Resources
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Coloring Changing Carnations 
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Coloring Flowers
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)Dancing Raisins

Pencil.gif (434 bytes)  The Martian and the Car

Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)  Is It Alive
Candle
White Carnations in blue dye
Elodea Leaf under a microscope
Raisins: In seltzer water
Paramecium under a microscope
Foaming polystyrene

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Is It Alive? Characteristic Chart  Put on board
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes)  Elements Found in Living Things

 

Day 4
Topic Life Comes From Life and Needs of Living Things
Objectives/ I can...
Recognize that all life comes from existing life.
Identify and describe the needs of living things.
State Goals
12.A.3b  Compare characteristics of organisms produced from a single parent with those of organisms produced by two parents.
12.B.1a  Describe and compare characteristics of living things in relationship to their environment.

Common Core MS-LS1-5
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of an organism.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Scientists: Where Life Comes From

Francesco Redi 1668 One of the first to disprove spontaneous generation.
An Italian doctor who proved maggots came from flies not rotten meat.
Louis Pasteur 1864 One of the first to disprove spontaneous generation.
A French scientist who proved that microorganisms were carried by dust not air.
Lazzaro Spallanzani 1867 One of the first to disprove spontaneous generation.
An Italian scientist who proved microorganisms could be killed by boiling.
Aleksander Oparin early 1900's A form of Spontaneous Generation took much longer, and happened a long time ago with intense energy.
Stanley Miller 1952 Tested Oparin's theory by creating simple molecules by combining atmospheric gaseous and lighting


LOUIS PASTEUR 24:32

TEC
 
Resources

 

Day 5
Topic Characteristics and Needs of Living Things
Objectives/ I can...
Identify and describe the needs of living things.
State Goals
12.B.1a  Describe and compare characteristics of living things in relationship to their environment.
Common Core MS-LS1-5
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of an organism.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Needs of Organisms
              Water
              Food
              Living Space
              Stable Internal Condition

World's Most Expensive Food  5:27
The World's Most Expensive Sandwich  5:43
$25,000 Dessert  1:32
World's Most Expensive Burger  :50
Characteristics of Living Things  3:06

Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Characteristics and Needs of Living Organisms

star.gif (2279 bytes) Science A-Z Challenge

TEC
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Famous Scientist Wanted Poster Project    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Wanted Poster 
Note02.gif (247 bytes) List of Scientists
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Famous Minority Scientist

bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Origin of Life   by A Oparin  
29 pages
Resources
Bullfrogs Eat Everything  2:16
Blackbird Migration  :38
Eastern Coral Snake  1:25
Peacock Flounder  3:01
Honeybee Gathering Pollen  1:09  How Birds and Bees See Ultra Violet Light stop at 2:07
Red Fox: Christmas in Yellowstone  2:06

 

Day 6
Topic Adaptation
Objectives/ I can...
Identify and describe some adaptations of organisms.
State Goals
12.B.2b  Identify physical features of plants  and animals that help them live in different environments.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adapatative, competitive, and survival potential.

Common Core MS-LS1-4
Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Adaptation:
Trait that helps an organism survive in its environment
Stimulus: the cause of the response
Response: reaction to change


Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board

Adaptations

Cactus spines for leaves Protection
Polar Bear white color Camouflage
Human flexible thumb Grasping
Fish gills Oxygen from water
Frog Breathe through skin Hibernation

 openbook.gif - 325 Bytes Little Penguin Finds His Way Home

 Camel Adaptation  2:30
 Animal Adaptations  10:00

 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Structural Adaptations    Adaptations Chart of body coverings, feeding, and movement

star.gif (2279 bytes) Dinosaur Adaptations

TEC
Resources
star.gif (2279 bytes) Animal Adaptations  Click on Life Processes     

 

Day 7
Topic Adaptation
Objectives/ I can...
List primate adaptations.
Identify animals with certain adaptations.
Create an imaginary creature
State Goals
12.B.2b  Identify physical features of plants animals that help them live in different environments.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adaptive, competitive, and survival potential.
Common Core MS-LS1-4
Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board

Primate Adaptations

Grasping Hand climbing and grasping tree limbs
Reduction in snout Lack of sense of smell
Bigger Brain Stereoscopic and color vision
Longer gestation and infancy protection of baby

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Whale Adaptations

Evolution Walking Tall  :56  

crayon0a.gif (328 bytes)  Imaginary Animal Adaptations

star.gif (2279 bytes) Adaptation Match 
Write the name and habitat for 4 different animals.
Locate pictures and information on their habitats.  
Write the name of the animal and record their habitat.  
Then list three important physical adaptations for each animal.

TEC
Resources
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Comparing Gestation Periods: Enrichment Worksheet 7 p.E-9
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Human Inventions and Whale Adaptations
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
 Animal Adaptation Chart
Examples of adaptation in Groundhog, Deer, Mole, Frog, Turtle etc,

 

Day 8
Topic Notebook Portfolio
Objectives/ I can...
To evaluate assignments.
Review for test.
State Goals
Common Core MS-LS1-4
Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.
Classwork-Homework
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Science Portfolio   Kids will choose 5 assignments to include.
  
Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Review for Test
TEC
Resources
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Portfolio in Action Room for teacher comments

 

Day 9
Topic Evaluation
Objectives/ I can...
Identify adaptations of animals.
State Goals
12.B.2b  Identify physical features of plants and animals that help them live in different environments.
State Goals
12.B.2b  Identify physical features of plants animals that help them live in different environments.
12.B.3b Compare and assess features of organisms for the adaptive, competitive, and survival potential.
Classwork-Homework
braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Test Technology, Safety, and Living Things
  
braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Animal Adaptation Evaluation Page 17
TEC
Resources


Previous: Understanding Technology & Safety             Next: Classifying Organisms

 

Teacher Resources

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)  Labs         crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Tests     IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips     Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Books, Keys, Guides    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit      filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT      Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)Smart Board     YouTube Video

ADAPTATION
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Imaginary Animal Adaptations
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes)  Structural Adaptations  Chart of body coverings, feeding, and movement
ALIVE / NOT ALIVE
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes)  The Martian and the Car
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) In Search of Life  Explore school grounds in search of living things.
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Is Sammy Alive? Read story to class and discuss when Sammy died.
 GRAPHS
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Graph Paper
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Line Graph Rubric    This analytic rubric is used to verify specific tasks performed when constructing a line graph. If the task has been completed, all points are awarded. No points are awarded if the task is not complete.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes)  Making a Line Graph    Graphs are a useful tool in science. The visual characteristics of a graph make trends in data easy to see. One of the most valuable uses for graphs is to "predict" data that is not measured on the graph.
SCIENTISTS
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Famous Scientist Wanted Poster Project
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Redi's Experiment
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Stanley Miller's Experiment
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) An Interview With Stanley Miller  In 1953, a University of Chicago graduate student named Stanley Miller working in Harold Urey's lab flipped a switch sending electric current through a chamber containing a combination of methane, ammonia, hydrogen and water. The experiment yielded organic compounds including amino acids, the building blocks of life, and catapulted a field of study known as exobiology into the headlines.   Read the interview.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Louis Pasteur    If one were to choose among the greatest benefactors of humanity, Louis Pasteur would certainly rank at the top. He solved the mysteries of rabies, anthrax, chicken cholera, and silkworm diseases, and contributed to the development of the first vaccines.
WEAPONS
Animal Weapons Episode 1 Chemical Warfare 42:17
Animal Weapons Episode 2 Fatal Attraction 42:46
Animal Weapons Episode 3 Armed to the Teeth 44:04
WORD SEARCH
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Science Puzzle A - Z   
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes)  Science A to Z Challenge
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Super Scientist Word Search

 

Student Extra Credit

  star.gif - 2279 Bytes Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

 star.gif (2279 bytes)  Adaptation Match  Write the name and habitat for 4 different animals. Locate pictures and information on their habitats.  Write the name of the animal and record their habitat.  Then list three important physical adaptations for each animal.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Pricey Pizza Compare the size and price of your favorite pizzas.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Super Scientist Fact Sheet  Research a scientist. What do they do?  How much do they make?  What tools do they use?  What education do they have?  Use this Career Site to find information.
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Timeline of Major Discoveries in Biology      The timeline briefly describes some scientific discoveries in the area of life science. Your SciQuest assignment has three parts:  1. Explain One: Take one of the events from this list, find out more about it, and write a paragraph giving some details of the discovery. I'd like to try and take the events in order.  2. Add One: Write one sentence about a biological discovery that has taken place in the past 25 years. The list ends at 1974 and I'd like to add some more recent items to this list.  3. Predict One: Use your imagination to think of a biological discovery that might happen in the near future.
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Whale Adaptations   Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Human Inventions and Whale Adaptations Match the Gray Whale's needs with a human invention that allows us to do what whales do naturally. 
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Who Dunnit? Crime Solving    Who took a bite out of the candy?  Sticky fingers have been found on the broken aquarium glass. Wet footprints lead to the open window. What is that powdery substance next to the broken piggy bank? Answering these questions is what forensic science is all about.  Turn in for credit


Previous: Understanding Technology & Safety             Next: Classifying Organisms