History of Classification Scientists

 

Scientist Year Accomplishment

Aristotle

5 AD

First   classify living things: two major groups... plants and animals.
Plants were separated by (structure)... herbs, shrubs, and trees
Animals were grouped as to where they lived...land, sea, or air.

Theophrastus

  Classified plants: Size and kind of stems: herbs, shrubs, and trees

John Ray

  Identified & classified 18,000 plants. 1st to use the term species.

Carolus Linnaeus

1707-1778

Swedish naturalist the "Father of Taxonomy"
Developed the system by which we name organisms today.

Antoine Laurent de Jussieu

1707-1836

A Frenchman, who Established the major subdivisions of the plant kingdom.

Georges Leoplod Cuvier

1769-1832

A Frenchman, who established major phyla, for the animal kingdom.

Ernst Haeckel

1834-1919

German who introduced the monera (bacteria)  kingdom.

Herbert F. Copeland

1902-1968

American who reclassified all the microorganisms.
All the nucleated microorganisms in the Kingdom protista.

Robert H. Whitaker

1924-1980

American who founded the five kingdom system.
Elevating the fungi to kingdom status